CAUSES OF HAIR LOSS
Hair loss affects both men and women and can be equally devastating for both. Hair loss, or alopecia, can be broadly classified as un-patterned or patterned. Un-patterned hair loss can be further divided into scarring (cicatricial) and non-scarring (non-cicatricial) alopecia. The history and examination are crucial to differentiate these and a dermatoscope can improve the accuracy of the examination (for example shiny atrophic skin without follicular ostia especially with a previous history of inflammatory signs and symptoms suggest a scarring alopecia). Often a biopsy is required to confirm the diagnosis. Common causes of scarring alopecia include trauma, infection, and inflammatory conditions such as lichen planopilaris, discoid lupus, frontal fibrosing alopecia and central centrifugal cicatricial alopecia. Causes of non-scarring alopecia in men include alopecia areata, medications, telogen effluvium (after an illness), anagen effluvium (after radiotherapy or chemotherapy), trichotillomania, traction alopecia, metabolic disorders (iron deficiency,diabetes and thyroid disease) and hair shaft abnormalities (such as trichorrhexis nodosa). Patterned hair loss is usually inherited and the extent is genetically determined. There are different patterns of hair loss in men and women.
Please expand each section to read about male and female hair loss treatments.
Male Pattern Hair Loss
Male Pattern Hair Loss Treatments
Female Pattern Hair Loss
Female Pattern Hair Loss Treatments
Not everyone will be suitable for, or want to have, a hair transplant so the potential choices for managing hair loss can be divided into Surgical and Non-Surgical options. Some patients hair loss may be too extensive to be considered for a hair transplant and some patients hair loss may be considered by the Hair Transplant Surgeon to be too early to warrant a hair transplant. Very young patients are often counselled to wait until they are older to consider a surgical option. Patients may be concerned about hair loss but reluctant to undergo surgery, preferring to opt for a less invasive method of treating or managing their thinning hair.
Surgery is the only guaranteed treatment to combat hair loss.
Many of the members on this site are specialists in the surgical specialism of hair loss treatment. To create the most natural results the process requires in depth consultation. Surgeons design and precisely restore the hairs one by one, in units of hairs called grafts. There two main methods of surgical hair loss treatment FUT and FUE, click the links below to read about each in detail.
Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE)
Ultra-Refined Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT or Strip)
For those patients for whom hair transplant surgery is not an option, there are non-surgical possibilities that can be considered.
Medications Minoxidil for men and women, Finasteride for men
Low level light therapy
Camouflage products Hair Micro-pigmentation tattooing hair microfibers and scalp dyes
Hair Replacement systems partial or complete hair pieces and wigs